Silicon Simplified

Silicon nanowire-infused (SiNW) graphite is the centerpiece of SINANODE’s Silicon Technology Platform which also includes a fully developed manufacturing process/scale-up plan and flexible cell design options. SINANODE delivers:

  • Tripled energy capacity of the anode
  • Faster charging speeds
  • Greater power
  • Reduced graphite
  • Lower cost per kWh
  • Reduced carbon footprint

Silicon can store ten times the energy of graphite alone yet previous attempts to include more silicon in the anode faced challenges of silicon expansion and breakage. This limited the amount used to extremely small percentages and only modest performance improvements. Being able to add larger amounts of silicon—efficiently—is the essential breakthrough needed to produce competitive EVs that meet market demand for high-performance, affordable vehicles.

SINANODE silicon nanowire technology is the only silicon solution that meets the technical and economic challenges. 

SINANODE
[ sin' · an · node ]

The name for SINANODE is an amalgamation of three words describing the makeup of our technology.

Si

Silicon

Nano

Scale

Anode

Electrode

The SINANODE Step

The SINANODE Step infuses silicon nanowires into EV-grade graphite using existing CVD machinery. This makes the silicon directly accessible to lithium ions without the inefficiencies of trapping silicon inside inactive carbon. SINANODE delivers 3,250 mAh/g—the highest of any silicon solution. This means higher energy density and greater EV range.

Silicon nanowires are electrical wires orders of magnitude smaller than human hair. Using only silane (a gas produced from metallurgical-grade silicon and available from multiple suppliers), nitrogen, and modest amounts of electricity, the SINANODE process infuses silicon nanowires directly into the graphite, much like plugging an electrical cord into an outlet. When charged, silicon nanowires remain pliant and do not crack. With hundreds of thousands of wires on each graphite particle, the silicon triples the energy density of the anode.

Silicon Nanowires Infused Into EV-Grade Graphite
  • Nanowires cover the surface and fill the pores
  • Low surface area
  • Electrically connected
  • No inactive materials
Microscopic view of SINANODE on EV-Grade Graphite Powder
Microscopic view of SINANODE on EV-Grade Graphite Powder

The Only Technology Fusing Nano-Silicon Into Commercial Graphites

How does
SINANODE work?

This technical video demonstrates how SINANODE solves the issues that plagued previous silicon solutions.

Play Video

Production Technologies

SINANODE resets expectations for the performance and cost of the battery while leveraging every aspect of the current value chain, both in the graphite powders already produced at large scale and existing manufacturing investments. In fact, the SINANODE process is agnostic to which graphite is used and to the size of the graphite particle. Uniform dispersion of silicon is built in to the SINANODE process regardless of particle size.

Silane, using already-proven production equipment, achieves high yields and reduces the anode cost (in $ per kWh). More important, the resulting silicon-graphite composite anode material can be used immediately with existing industrial-scale electrode coating equipment and it is compatible with the other materials, cell design specifications, and processes used in today’s EV cells factories.

The Sinanode Step

ev grade graphite + commercial silane gas > CVD processing system > silicon-enhanced ev graphite > EV electrode coating
ev grade graphite + commercial silane gas > CVD processing system > silicon-enhanced ev graphite > EV electrode coating

Designed for EV Scale at Lowest Cost < $2 per
kWh of Silicon Capacity

Electrode & Cell Design

With less polymer and uniformly attached silicon, SINANODE enables dry electrode coating and similar new electrode manufacturing processes. This means about $1B of Cap Ex saving per EV cell factory.

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